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FIAT G. 59 4B



The FIAT G. 59 was one of the last high-performance aircraft equipped with a piston engine and it can be also considered as a symbol of the post-war re-birth of the Italian aeronautical industry. It was designed by famous Italian aeronautical engineers Giuseppe Gabrielli, starting from the FIAT G. 55 Centauro, considered one of the best Italian fighter aircraft of the Second World War. The G. 59 was produced by FIAT in the early 1950s, in more than 180 copies mainly used in the Italian Air Force as advanced trainer aircraft. Thanks to its engine, a 1660 hp V-12-cylinder Rolls Royce Merlin (version 500-20), the aircraft could reach a top speed of 609 km/h at an altitude of 6400 m above the sea level, and a ceiling of 12100 m. The Museum’s FIAT G. 59 4B is a two-seater model which was in service at the Second Air Region (based in Rome) of the Italian Air Force, up to 1964. Then it was purchased for didactic purpose by the former Institute of Aeronautics of the University of Palermo and in 2013 it undergone a thorough restoration in the Museum’s workshop. It is one of the only five complete copies surviving today, and it is displayed in a dedicated area of the Museum.

Exhibit virtual tour

Cockpit virtual tour

Further information on Google Arts&Culture

Technical specifications

ManufacturerFIAT Aviazione, Turin, Italy, 1952
TypeG. 59 4B
SeriesVII, N.C. 115
Military identification number53530 - RR 73 (2° Regione Aerea Roma; ex RB 40, 3° Regione Aerea Bari)
Descriptiontwo-seater (tandem) dual-controls training aircraft with all-metal airframe
Max. speed609 km/h at 6400 m above the sea level
Max. operational ceiling12100 m
Max. Rate of climb64 km/h at 2000 m
Takeoff field length180 m in 8.5 seconds
Mass-to-thrust ratio2850 kg (dry)
Wing area21.11 m²
Wingspan11860 mm
Length9476 mm
EngineRolls Royce Merlin 500-20, V-60° 12-cylinder engine, liquid-cooled, with a centrifugal compressor driven by the engine by means of 2-speed transmission
Power1660 hp at 3000 rpm
Propellerall-metal four-blade variable pitch propeller FIAT Hamilton 5010
Fuel-tank capacity350 litres in normal condition and 600 litres with two external tanks
Flight range762 km at 488 km/h at 5600 m, 1352 km at 460 km/h at 5500 m with two external tanks


Maily used as training aircraft at the Aeronautica Militare Italiana (Italian Air Force).

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Cockpit anteriore - Museo Motori UNIPA
Testi e immagini di Giuseppe Genchi
Sito realizzato da Pasquale Pillitteri